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Composes functions from right to left.

This is a functional programming utility, and is included in Redux as a convenience. You might want to use it to apply several store enhancers in a row. compose is also usable as a general-purpose standalone method.


You shouldn't have to call compose directly. Redux Toolkit's configureStore method automatically configures a Redux store with the standard applyMiddleware and Redux DevTools store enhancers, and offers an enhancers argument to pass in additional enhancers.


  1. (arguments): The functions to compose. Each function is expected to accept a single parameter. Its return value will be provided as an argument to the function standing to the left, and so on. The exception is the right-most argument which can accept multiple parameters, as it will provide the signature for the resulting composed function.


(Function): The final function obtained by composing the given functions from right to left.


This example demonstrates how to use compose to enhance a store with applyMiddleware and a few developer tools from the redux-devtools package.

import { createStore, applyMiddleware, compose } from 'redux'
import thunk from 'redux-thunk'
import DevTools from './containers/DevTools'
import reducer from '../reducers'

const store = createStore(
compose(applyMiddleware(thunk), DevTools.instrument())


  • All compose does is let you write deeply nested function transformations without the rightward drift of the code. Don't give it too much credit!