Getting Started with Redux
It helps you write applications that behave consistently, run in different environments (client, server, and native), and are easy to test. On top of that, it provides a great developer experience, such as live code editing combined with a time traveling debugger.
You can use Redux together with React, or with any other view library. It is tiny (2kB, including dependencies), but has a large ecosystem of addons available.
Redux Toolkit is our official recommended approach for writing Redux logic. It wraps around the Redux core, and contains packages and functions that we think are essential for building a Redux app. Redux Toolkit builds in our suggested best practices, simplifies most Redux tasks, prevents common mistakes, and makes it easier to write Redux applications.
RTK includes utilities that help simplify many common use cases, including store setup, creating reducers and writing immutable update logic, and even creating entire "slices" of state at once.
Whether you're a brand new Redux user setting up your first project, or an experienced user who wants to simplify an existing application, Redux Toolkit can help you make your Redux code better.
Redux Toolkit is available as a package on NPM for use with a module bundler or in a Node application:
Create a React Redux App
The recommended way to start new apps with React and Redux is by using the official Redux+JS template for Create React App, which takes advantage of Redux Toolkit and React Redux's integration with React components.
The Redux core library is available as a package on NPM for use with a module bundler or in a Node application:
It is also available as a precompiled UMD package that defines a
window.Redux global variable. The UMD package can be used as a
<script> tag directly.
For more details, see the Installation page.
The whole global state of your app is stored in an object tree inside a single store. The only way to change the state tree is to create an action, an object describing what happened, and dispatch it to the store. To specify how state gets updated in response to an action, you write pure reducer functions that calculate a new state based on the old state and the action.
Instead of mutating the state directly, you specify the mutations you want to happen with plain objects called actions. Then you write a special function called a reducer to decide how every action transforms the entire application's state.
In a typical Redux app, there is just a single store with a single root reducing function. As your app grows, you split the root reducer into smaller reducers independently operating on the different parts of the state tree. This is exactly like how there is just one root component in a React app, but it is composed out of many small components.
This architecture might seem like a lot for a counter app, but the beauty of this pattern is how well it scales to large and complex apps. It also enables very powerful developer tools, because it is possible to trace every mutation to the action that caused it. You can record user sessions and reproduce them just by replaying every action.
Redux Toolkit Example
Redux Toolkit simplifies the process of writing Redux logic and setting up the store. With Redux Toolkit, that same logic looks like:
Redux Toolkit allows us to write shorter logic that's easier to read, while still following the same Redux behavior and data flow.
We have a variety of resources available to help you learn Redux.
Redux Essentials Tutorial
The Redux Essentials tutorial is a "top-down" tutorial that teaches "how to use Redux the right way", using our latest recommended APIs and best practices. We recommend starting there.
Redux Fundamentals Tutorial
The Redux Fundamentals tutorial is a "bottom-up" tutorial that teaches "how Redux works" from first principles and without any abstractions, and why standard Redux usage patterns exist.
- The Redux repository contains several example projects demonstrating various aspects of how to use Redux. Almost all examples have a corresponding CodeSandbox sandbox. This is an interactive version of the code that you can play with online. See the complete list of examples in the Examples page.
- Redux creator Dan Abramov's free "Getting Started with Redux" video series and Building React Applications with Idiomatic Redux video courses on Egghead.io
- Redux maintainer Mark Erikson's "Redux Fundamentals" conference talk and "Redux Fundamentals" workshop slides
- Dave Ceddia's post A Complete React Redux Tutorial for Beginners
- The Redux FAQ answers many common questions about how to use Redux, and the "Recipes" docs section has information on handling derived data, testing, structuring reducer logic, and reducing boilerplate.
- Redux maintainer Mark Erikson's "Practical Redux" tutorial series demonstrates real-world intermediate and advanced techniques for working with React and Redux (also available as an interactive course on Educative.io).
- The React/Redux links list has categorized articles on working with reducers and selectors, managing side effects, Redux architecture and best practices, and more.
- Our community has created thousands of Redux-related libraries, addons, and tools. The "Ecosystem" docs page lists our recommendations, and there's a complete listing available in the Redux addons catalog.
Help and Discussion
The #redux channel of the Reactiflux Discord community is our official resource for all questions related to learning and using Redux. Reactiflux is a great place to hang out, ask questions, and learn - come join us!
If you have a bug report or need to leave other feedback, please file an issue on the Github repo
Should You Use Redux?
Redux is a valuable tool for organizing your state, but you should also consider whether it's appropriate for your situation. Don't use Redux just because someone said you should - take some time to understand the potential benefits and tradeoffs of using it.
Here are some suggestions on when it makes sense to use Redux:
- You have reasonable amounts of data changing over time
- You need a single source of truth for your state
- You find that keeping all your state in a top-level component is no longer sufficient
For more thoughts on how Redux is meant to be used, see: